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Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology 1997;13(2):221-227.
Published online November 30, 1997.
A Clinical Review of Parotid Tumor
Gyeong Beom Kang;Sung Soo Oh;Sung Gil Park;David J Seel;Yoon Kyu Park
이하선 종양의 임상적 고찰
The authors reviewed 106 cases of parotid gland tumor at Presbyterian Medical Center seen during the past 10 years between January, 1986 and December, 1995. The results were obtained as follows; 1) 86 cases(81.1%) were benign tumors and 20 cases(18.9%) were malignant tumors. 2) Overall male and female sex ratio was 1 : 1.4. 3) For benign tumors, the mean age was 47.9 and for malignant tumors, the mean age was 43.4. 4) Clinical manifestations in benign tumors were palpable mass in 86 cases(100%), pain in 6 cases(6.9%), facial nerve palsy in 2 cases(2.3%), lymphadenopathy in 1 case(1.2%); and in malignant tumors, palpable mass in 20 cases(100%), pain in 7 cases(35%), facial nerve palsy in 2 cases(10%) and lymphadenopathy in 3 cases(15%). Thus, the presence of pain, facial nerve palsy and lymphadenopathy suggest malignant tumors. 5) Operative procedures in benign tumors included superficial parotidectomy in 53 cases(61.6%), total parotidectomy in 10 cases(11.6%), local excision in 23 cases(26.7%); and in malignant tumors, superficial parotidectomy in 3 cases, total parotidectomy in 1 case, local excision in 1 case, superficial parotidectomy with supraomohyoid neck dissection in 6 cases, total parotidectomy with supraomohyoid neck dissection in 8 cases, total parotidectomy with radical neck dissection in 1 case. 6) Postoperative complications in benign tumors were transient facial nerve palsy in 14 cases, Frey's syndrome in 2 cases. In malignant tumors complications included transient facial nerve palsy in 3 cases and permanent facial nerve palsy in 1 case. 7) Pleomorphic adenoma was the most common benign parotid tumor and mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common malignant tumor. 8) In our review of 20 patients with malignant parotid tumors, all patients who received supraomohyoid neck dissection and postoperative radiation therapy remain alive from 1986 to 1995 years. Two deaths in this series were adenoid cystic carcinoma patients who failed to receive postoperative radiation therapy. These series of cases have been studied in order to determine whether supraomohyoid neck dissection and postoperative radiation therapy may have further therapeutic effect.
Key Words: Parotid tumor, Supraomohyoid neck dissection, Postoperative radiation therapy


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