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Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology 2003;19(2):133-136.
Published online November 30, 2003.
Clinical Study of Subacute Necrotizing Lymphadenitis
Ho Suk Chu;Eun Jae Jung;Jeong Su Woo;Soon Jae Hwang;Heung Man Lee
아급성 괴사성 림프절염의 임상적 고찰
추호석;정은재;우정수;황순재;이흥만
Abstract
Background and Objectives: Kikuchi's disease or subacute necrotizing lymphadenitis is a cause of persistently enlarged lymph nodes unresponsive to antibiotic therapy. It affects predominantly young women under the age of 30, and it is seen primarily in the Asian population. Although this disease usually follows a benign course, all describing a clinical entity that has been mistaken for malignant lymphoma, lupus, and an assortment of infectious diseases. The purpose of this study is to report clinical characteristics and treatment outcome in order to contribute to the precise diagnosis and treatment. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 27 cases, who were diagnosed as subacute necrotizing lymphadenitis on excisional biopsy during the past 5 years from January 1998 to December 2002.
Results
It occurred more often in females (20 cases ; 74%) than males (7cases ; 26%), and it was seen more frequently in the second and third decades (21 cases ; 78%). Cervical lymphadenopathy were usually multiple (24 cases, 89%) and measured less than 2cm (20 cases, 74%). The posterior cervical and deep jugular chains are the most common location(34 cases ; 81%). Leukopenia(18 cases, 67%) and elevated ESR(20 cases, 75%) were commonly noted in laboratory data.
Conclusions
It is easy that Kikuchi's disease is mistaken for malignant lymphoma. So we should consider fine needle aspiration or open biosy of lymph node for histologic diagnosis in patients who have localized cervical lymphadenopathy unresponsive to antibiotic therapy.
Key Words: Kikuchi병, Subacute necrotizing lymphadenitis, Kikuchi's disease, Biopsy


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